读盘锦|民国时期的盘锦地域文化

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民国时期的盘锦地域文化是指1912年至1949年盘锦的地域文化,历时37年。

虽然中华民国和清朝也属于王朝的变迁,但断骨和肋骨之间显然存在着密切的关系。这种现象与前几代不同。具体到盘锦地区,优秀的表现是在清末建立的盘山厅。它于1913年在中华民国的第二年重组为盘山县,使得该地区的政治,经济和文化发展不再需要集中于其他地方。到1937年,包括田庄台在内的海城县第六区和包括二街沟在内的营口县第七区都被置于盘山县之下,使盘锦地区文化的发展更加集中。纯洁。

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1936年,盘山县全图(《锦州省盘山县事情》)

晚清时期发起的许多问题在民国初期并未发生变化,但在一定程度上被推迟和发展。其中一个最引人注目的方面是实施新式教育,以便新学校能够在各地蓬勃发展。但是,这些学校的建立在一定程度上受到指示的匆忙,因此每所学校的教学质量都不尽如人意。这样一个事实的存在使张学良在家乡建立的新民小学越来越不同,成为这一领域教育史上最聪明的人。

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田庄台第二分局地方分局原址“辽河水警局”,即“小白楼”(魏晓东)

晚清时期对兴办实业的倡导,也在民国得到了延续,从而使盘锦地区出现了史上第一家电灯厂和造纸厂。其中的电灯厂名为“振兴电灯厂”,由田庄台华商电灯股份有限公司创办于1922年,公司经理,协理,董事等均为田庄台绅商。电灯厂的创办,为古镇田庄台的居民生活注入了一项现代元素,使之成为本境最早受益于电灯的群体,比盘山县城的居民还早了20多年,尽管它实际供电的时间并未能长久。

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侵华日本关东军护路守备队盘山分队队部旧址,即“小红楼”(王冶摄影)

在农业上,也由于营田公司在1928年的创建,开启了盘锦地区大面积种植水稻的历史先河,垦殖结构由此得以改良,并在接下来的20年间得到了延续。到新中国成立前夕,盘山农场已成为中国规模最大的农场,从而奠定了本境稻作事业的基础。对地域文化的面貌而言,这是一个历史性的重大转折,盘锦地区经典地域文化形态的稻作文化的孕育,就是由此起步的。

,承受了“思想犯”,“经济犯”所带来的身心双重伤害.

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日本“开拓团”垦殖稻田纪事碑,现藏荣兴博物馆(杨洪琦摄影)

XXHowever, due to geographical relations, specific differences still exist. For example, the more intensive "exploration group" has made the North Korean and Japanese immigrants in this area relatively more, thus giving birth to the "No." and "Outside" points that have lasted for more than ten years. Another example is Liaohe Shipping. The existence of the Ditch Camp Railway has made the "Water Police Station" and the "Railway Protection Team" come into being in this situation, which has a more serious impact on the production and life of the residents. Such phenomena have made the overall social atmosphere of the locality more complicated, and made the collective experience of the local people different from other places, thus making the personality characteristics of the local culture more prominent.

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"Yingkou Rural" (ie Rongxing Rural) floor plan (in the full iron《产业调查资料第十八编》, Yu Wei for the map)

In the 37 years of the Republic of China, the great harvest of the local culture in the region was that after the end of the Qing Dynasty《盘山厅乡土志》, three consecutive books were compiled, namely《盘山县志略》《盘山县志》and《锦州省盘山县事情》.

Among them,《盘山县志略》was written in 1915, and it was the first book after Panshan was changed from the rule of the government to the county. Although this book is still simple, it has been much better than《盘山厅乡土志》.

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The former site of the “Exploration Group” in Rongxing Street, Datun District (Yang Hongqi Photography)

《盘山县志》Completed in 1934. Compared with《盘山县志略》, its style is more complete and the content is more detailed. The first chapter is《盘山沿革大事记》. The text is divided into 6 categories: geography, characters, personnel, property, and art. There are also villages and monuments. 42 sub-headings, such as name, official system, Tianfu, religion, and agriculture, are the first complete books in the history of the country.

xx《锦州省盘山县事情》这本书写于1936年,相当于盘山县的地理概况。但是,尽管本书中列出的类别是全面的,但内容非常简单,因此本书的文字只有81页。然而,作为世界上为数不多的地方编年史之一,其历史价值不容忽视。